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 Welcome to Swaramandakini.com
 Rise of Gharanas in Hindustani Classical Music

The present form of Hindustani Classical Music, Dhrupad and Khyal, has evolved over the past five centuries. Khyal singing offered a high degree of freedom to Artists. Individual perception of Swara (Notes), Laya (Tempo) and Tala (a rhythmic cycle of beats produced on a percussive instrument- roughly corresponding to metre in Western Music), Ragas, Compositions and voice patterns of Maestros gave birth to different Gharanas in Hindustani Classical Music, like Gwalior, Agra, Kirana, Jaipur-Atrauli , Patiala, Bhendibazaar, Indore, Mewati, Rampur-Sahaswan and Sham-Chaurasi etc.
 Historical importance of the Gharanas

The Gharanas did maintain their special characteristics initially. However, with advents in transmission and recording of music, the special characteristics of Gharanas came to be absorbed by talented musicians of other Gharanas. Thus, we find many musicians in the past and present Generations, who present a beautiful blend of different Gharanas. However, one cannot overlook the historical importance of the Gharanas, their individual styles, Ragas, bandishes, and so on; which were acquired, developed and preserved by Maestros under adverse conditions.
 Bhendibazaar Gharana

The name sounds strange, isn’t it? It has nothing to do with a market of Bhindi (Ladies finger). BhendiBazaar is the colloquial name of the area- behind the Bazaar- (Fort, the popular name by which the commercial Heart of Bombay was and is still known). The stalwarts of the Gharana used to stay there, and they were called “BhendiBazaarke Gavayye- artists of BhendiBazaar”, hence the name of their of Gharana, as BhendiBazaar Gharana; like Gwalior, Agra or Kairana Gharana, etc.
 Highlights of the Web Site

In the pages that follow, i) one can get a historical information about the Gharana, its lineage, profiles of maestros and senior disciples, ii) Excerpts of live performances of Ustad Aman Ali Khan, Pandit Shivkumar Shukla, Master Navrang, Pandit Ramesh Nadkarni and Pandit T D Janorikar and some other senior Disciples, iii) Lyrics of 250+ Bandishes composed by Ustad Aman Ali Khan and Senior Disciples and iv) Audio files of 150+ Bandishes.

Author: Sudhir V Gadre, Pune

1st May, 2009/ 13th May, 2021
Please also visit the website http://oceanofragas.com (launched by the same author) which includes a database of over 1800 Ragas (with description) backed by a software tool “ Raga Search Wheel” for search of Ragas by 1 through 8 options; a search wheel to find Scale-Congruent Ragas and audio samples of 850+ Ragas- The web site is virtually an audio handbook of Ragas.
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