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 Welcome to Swaramandakini.com
 Rise of Gharanas in Hindustani Classical Music

The present form of Hindustani Classical Music, Dhrupad and Khyal, has evolved over the past five centuries. Khyal singing offered a high degree of freedom to Artists. Individual perception of Soor (Notes), Laya (Tempo) and Tala (a rhythmic cycle of beats produced on a percussive instrument- roughly corresponding to metre in Western Music), Ragas, Compositions and voice patterns of Maestros gave birth to different Gharanas in Hindustani Classical Music, like Gwalior, Agra, Kirana, Jaipur-Atrauli , Patiala, Bhendibazaar, Indore, Mewati,  Rampur-Sahaswan and Sham-Churasi etc.
 Historical importance of the Gharanas

The Gharanas did maintain their special characteristics initially. However, with advents in transmission and recording of music , the special characteristics of Gharanas came to be absorbed by talented musicians of other Gharanas. Thus, we find many musicians in the past and present Generations, who present a beautiful blend of different Gharanas. However, one can not overlook the historical importance of the Gharanas, their individual styles, Ragas, bandishes, and so on; which were acquired, developed and preserved by Maestros under adverse conditions.
 Bhendibazaar Gharana

Among the Gharanas mentioned above, Bhendibazaar Gharana is the subject of this web site since very little information is available about it in print or on the Internet. It is interesting to note that Ustad Shahmir Khan (father of Ustad Amir Khan) was a disciple of Ustad Chhajjoo Khan (father of Ustad Aman Ali Khan)and Ustad Amir Khan was deeply influenced by the style of Ustad Aman Ali Khan and chose to blend Bhendibazaar style in his Gayaki, specially the medium tempo presentation and Sargam (Improvised solfege) involving intricate Merukhand patterns.
 Highlights of the Web Site

In the pages that follow, i) one can get a historical information about the Gharana, its lineage, profiles of maestros and senior disciples,    ii) Excerpts of live performances of Ustad Aman Ali Khan, Pandit Shivkumar Shukla, Master Navrang, Pandit Ramesh Nadkarni and Pandit T D Janorikar and some senior Disciples, iii) Lyrics of 200+ Bandishes composed by Ustad Aman Ali Khan and Senior Disciples and iv) Audio files of 130+ Bandishes.  

Author: Sudhir V Gadre, Pune
Please also visit the website http://oceanofragas.com (launched by the same author) which includes a database of over 1800 Ragas (with description) backed by a software tool “ Raga Search Wheel” for search of Ragas by 1 through 8 options; a search wheel to find Scale-Congruent Ragas and audio samples of 850+ Ragas- The web site is virtually an audio handbook of Ragas.
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